5.3 Citation Format for Opinions Issued by This Court

(a) Reported Opinions

Opinions that are reported in the Federal Supplement, the Federal Rules Service, or the Federal Rules Decisions, Westlaw, or Lexis shall be cited either by citing to the reporter or service in which the opinion is published, or by using the citation format specified in subsection (b).

(b) Opinions Published on the Court’s Web Site and Issued After January 1, 2000

Opinions that are published on the court’s web site (www.nhd.uscourts.gov) and issued after January 1, 2000, which are accessible without charge, may be cited using the four-digit year in which the opinion is issued, the letters “DNH,” the three-digit opinion number located below the docket number on the right side of the case caption and, where reference is made to specific material within the opinion, the page number that appears in the Portable Document Format (PDF) version of the opinion that is available on the court’s web site, e.g., United States v. Smith, 2000 DNH 001, 6.

(c) Unreported Opinions

All other opinions shall be cited using the citation form for unreported decisions suggested in the Blue Book.


(Added 1/1/01; amended 12/1/18)