(c) Final Order or Judgment

If a bankruptcy judge determines that entry of a final order or judgment would not be consistent with Article III of the United States Constitution in a particular referred proceeding that is determined to be a core matter under 28 U.S.C. § 157, the bankruptcy judge shall hear the proceeding and submit proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law to the district court in compliance with Fed. Civ. R. 52(a)(1).

The district judge shall make a de novo review of any portion of the bankruptcy judge’s findings of fact or conclusions of law to which specific written objection has been made in accordance with the federal and local rules of bankruptcy procedure. The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the proposed findings of fact or conclusions of law, receive further evidence, or recommit the matter to the bankruptcy judge with instructions.  The district court may treat any order or judgment of the bankruptcy court as proposed findings of fact and conclusions of law in the event the district court concludes that the bankruptcy judge could not have entered a final order or judgment consistent with Article III of the United States Constitution.