17.1 Subpoenas

(a) Request for Issuance

In all criminal matters in which the defendant is represented by a federal defender or by other court-appointed counsel, upon oral or written request of counsel for issuance of five or less subpoenas for a hearing or trial, the clerk shall issue such subpoena(s) without the necessity for an individual court order. A request for more than five subpoenas requires prior court approval.

(b) Service

Upon presentation to the United States Marshal of such a subpoena, the Marshal shall serve said subpoena in the same manner as in other criminal cases pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 17(b).

(c) Payment

Subpoenas issued under subsection (a) are issued upon approval of the court. Therefore, whether the subpoena is served by the Marshal or by another individual, upon presentation to the United States Marshal of a properly executed claim form, certified by the federal defender, an assistant federal defender, or by the clerk upon affidavit of other court- appointed counsel (see 28 U.S.C. ยง1825), the Marshal shall pay the fees of the witness so subpoenaed as provided in Fed. R. Crim. P. 17(b)).