(a) Filing

Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 5(d)(3) and Fed. R. Crim. P. 49(d), the clerk’s office will accept papers filed, signed, or verified by electronic means that are consistent with technical standards, if any, that the Judicial Conference of the United States establishes, and that comply with procedures for electronic filing established by the court.  A paper filed by electronic means in compliance with this Rule and the Administrative Procedures for Electronic Case Filing constitutes a written paper for the purposes of applying these rules and the Federal Rules of Civil and Criminal Procedure and constitutes entry of the pleading or other paper on the docket kept by the clerk under Fed. R. Civ. P. 58 and 79 and Fed. R. Crim. P. 49 and 55.